Project: Structure

“The fundamental structure of the figure is the skeleton.  It is worth taking time to study the skeleton to understand the mechanics of the human figure.  Pay particular attention to the formation of the body – the shoulders, torso, limbs, hips, ankles, elbows, the neck and the head

Research point – Look at anatomy books, or do a web search for anatomy images and see what you can find.  Make notes on how you can use this information to improve your figure try to do an anatomical drawing yourself.

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Exercise: Three drawings

Standing pose

Very quick sketches

Very quick sketches

Very quick sketches

Very quick sketches

Two minute drawings of the standing pose

Two minute drawings of the standing pose

Two minute drawing

Two minute drawing

Two minute drawing study.

Two minute drawing study.  This drawing has arrows to show where she leans away from her centre of gravity.

DSCN1780

 

Above is my A3 sized one hour drawing of a standing pose.  I used dip pen with water based ink, with hatching and cross-hatching.  I am really pleased with the way I have managed to describe the surfaces and soft curves of the skin as well as the more angular places on the back, shoulder blades and feet.  I find making several preliminary studies helpful before making a larger, more detailed drawing.

Sitting pose

For the sitting pose I decided to use watercolour and brush.

structure sitting

Structure - Sitting

Structure – Sitting – This drawing has arrows to show where the model moves away from her centre of gravity.

I made a quick study in pencil to check proportions and things.

Centre of gravity - quick pencil study.

Centre of gravity – quick pencil study.

Quick drawings - sitting pose

Quick drawings – sitting pose

I had some trouble getting the proportions, lengths and angles.  So I decided to draw in pencil first and then work in on top of the pencil with watercolours.

Structure - sitting.  Longer preliminary drawing.

Structure – sitting. Longer preliminary drawing.

DSCN1779

 

Above is my one hour A3 sized drawing of a sitting pose.  I am pleased with the different tones that I was able to make, which give the figure a three-dimensional appearance.

Laying down pose

Oil pastel study on newspaper.

Quick study – pastel on newspaper.

Oil pastel study on newspaper.

Quick study – oil pastel on newspaper.

Oil pastel study on newspaper.

Oil pastel study on newspaper.

Oil pastel study on newspaper.

Oil pastel study on newspaper.

Longer preliminary study - I used yellow pastels to plan the drawing and a red pastel to draw stronger lines.  The two colours together work really well and have a three-dimensional effect.

Longer preliminary study – I used yellow pastels to plan the drawing and a red pastel to draw stronger lines. The two colours together work really well and have a three-dimensional effect.  Drawn on painted newspaper.

Longer preliminary study using green this time - I decided to see how a different colour would affect the drawing.  The green works well with the yellow, it is slightly less dramatic than the red.

Longer preliminary study using green this time – I decided to see how a different colour would affect the drawing. The green works well with the yellow, it is slightly less dramatic than the red.

Lying down pose

Lying down pose

oil pastel d

Above is my one hour drawing in oil pastels of a lying down pose.  The foreshortening in this pose is very noticeable.  The bone and muscle structure is prominent in this pose because of the angles of the body and the limbs it is a good demonstration of anatomy.

pastel zoom 2 pastel zoom

Check and Log - Copy (3)

How accurately did you depict the overall proportions of the figure?

My longer drawings of each pose are at the correct proportions, my preparatory studies are not.   I found making the preparatory studies was helpful to develop my understanding of the structure, the joints of the bones and the shapes of the body.  By the time I came to make my final drawing of each pose I had drawn out all of my observations of what I could see in different studies.  All the studies, even though many of them are not accurate, helped me to translate what I saw into lines and shapes and tones.

Did you try to imagine the sitter’s skeleton and muscles?  Did this help you to convey the figure’s structure and form?

I did try to imagine the sitter’s skeleton and muscles, and this helped me in some ways because I saw the figure in a different way than before, I was better able to understand the forms of the different parts of the body.

I found it difficult to locate the skeleton and muscles in some of the models, because those things were not immediately visible.

The lying down pose had the most visible bone and muscle structure.

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